Effective Teaching

According to Effective Teaching Methods by Gary Borich, over the last few decades, new methods have been developed to study interaction patterns between teachers and students in the hopes of discovering “which patterns of teacher behavior promote desirable student performance” (Borich, p.5). Research suggests these are the “five key behaviors essential for effective teaching:

  1. Lesson Clarity
  2. Instructional Variety
  3. Teacher Task Orientation
  4. Engagement in the Learning Process
  5. Student Success Rate” (Borich, p. 7).

Many of the examples and teaching strategies related to these five key behaviors may seem obvious, but in this reflection, I will list a few that I hope to remember to incorporate as a future teacher.

When it comes to “Lesson Clarity” it is important to remember to:

–“Inform learners of the lesson objectives” and connect the lesson to past and future lessons such as through the use of a graphic organizer

–Use “examples, illustrations, and demonstrations to explain and clarify,” restating key points in “at least one modality other than the one in which the students were initially taught”

–Use repetition and provide a summary at the end of the lesson (Borich, p.9)

Teachers should employ “Instructional Variety” to keeping students engaged and to provide for the different ways in which students learn:

–“Use attention-gaining devices” and vary modes of presentation

-Begin the lesson with an activity in a modality that is different from the last lesson or activity”

–Encourage student involvement

–Employ “different types of questions”

–“Establishing an order of daily activities that rotates cycles of seeing, listening, and doing” (Borich, p. 10)

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